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Target population

Legally-resident non-EU foreigners and naturalised citizens have much to say and valuable hands-on experience to share as the direct beneficiaries of the wide range of integration policies in most EU Member States. The Immigrant Citizens Survey (ICS) aimed to reach those:

• not born in the country (first-generation immigrants).

• who are or were non-EU citizens or stateless persons (born as citizen of country other than EU/EEA countries or Switzerland) .

• residing in the country for more than one year.

• holding or renewing any type of legal status.

• 15 years or older.

The seven ICS countries are not only most of Europe’s major countries of immigration, but also a mixture of new and old countries of immigration across Europe’s regions.

minimum of 300 to 400 successful interviews were conducted in cities that reflect the size and spread of the country’s immigrant population and the diversity of local and regional contexts.

Comparable random sampling methods

The Localmultidem project is the source for this survey’s sampling methods and for most of the ICS scientific partners. The comparable ICS guidelines required the use of a stratified random sample.

The sample would preferably be based on country of birth, or, if this is not possible, on nationality. The sample was drawn from the best available national sources—censuses, local population registers, or other registers—in order to best capture the non-EU-born immigrant population.

Italy, Portugal and Hungary used the ‘centre of aggregation’ sampling method where interviews were conducted in predetermined locations regularly visited by the immigrant population (such as public parks, service providers, places of worship, markets, etc.).

Particular attention was paid to raising the response rate of this specific and hard-to-reach population, as well as to overcoming any language problems.

Interviews (around 40 minutes in length) were conducted face-to-face in all countries, except France (telephone interviews).

For more information, please download the survey’s national technical reports. We will send you all the documents/files for download in that section).